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Bolivia, The Coca Leaf and the New Horizons of Plants Banned from International Markets

2018 was a year with significant advances in the regulation of some controlled substances at the international level of drug policy and it is necessary to analyze the trends to understand the steps that Bolivia must take if it wishes to advance with its regulatory policy with a view to the international claim of the coca leaf and the possibilities of export.

As a first success we can mention Uruguay with its Law No. 19172 which regulates the production, distribution and sale of cannabis and whose effectiveness is measured in terms of the rights of people who use drugs by providing an effective health response from public health. It is followed by Canada, the first G7 country to legalize the recreational use of the same plant, and Mexico, which recently presented its proposal for a General Law for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis.

These countries (along with others for 2020 initiatives such as New Zealand) hope to reach trade agreements between parties as the international context allows for new legal alternatives that do not break with the conventions and do not depend on consensus in the larger drug policy decision scenarios. The first alternative is the “Inter Se” treaties and the second is based on requesting a critical review from the World Health Organization (WHO).

Bolivia and Coca Leaf
In 2011, the Plurinational State of Bolivia proposed an amendment to the article prohibiting the use and chewing of coca leaf in the 1961 Convention, protected by the 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. This first proposal generated a lack of consensus, resulting in 18 countries at the head of the United States (along with Mexico and a coalition of allies) voting against, arguing that the most important thing was to maintain the integrity of the international conventions and treaties on drugs. This vote urged Bolivia to leave the Single Convention to re-access in 2013 with a “Reservation for the Traditional Use of Coca Leaf”, a proposal to which Mexico also objected ; however, this “Reservation” strategy was successfully carried out and today results in the current Coca General Law 906, which regulates at least 5 aspects of the domestic market but is limited when it comes to export given that legally our “Reservation” is only applicable at the national level.

Voir en ligne : Knowmad institut

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